Travel guide to Istanbul
The beautiful and historical city of Istanbul has wonderful historical buildings, markets, parks and many beautiful attractions. This historical and beautiful city hosts a large number of Iranians every year, and due to its proximity to the culture and the ease of commuting, it is the choice of many of us for short-term and leisure trips. Let us guide you to everything you need to know on your trip to Istanbul
Where is Istanbul?
Istanbul (Turkish: İstanbul) or Constantinople is the largest city of Turkey and its cultural and economic center. This city is located next to the Bosphorus Strait and the Sea of Marmara. The Bosphorus strait separates the two continents of Asia and Europe, and Istanbul is the only big city in the world that is located on two continents. The natural port of Golden Horn or Gulf is located in this city.
Istanbul, the largest city in Turkey, is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. The proximity of Turkey to Iran and the similarity of cultures have made this city one of the most popular foreign tourist destinations for Iranians. It is interesting to know that the cities of Tabriz and Isfahan in Iran are sisters with Istanbul.
The best time to travel to Istanbul:
Istanbul and European Turkey have hot summers and cold winters with snowfall. Spring and autumn, from April to May and from September to mid-November, are the best times to visit Istanbul when the temperature is pleasant and the sky is clear.
Important information about Istanbul:
Before fully knowing the travel guide to Istanbul, it is better to know the general information of this city:
The time difference between Istanbul and Tehran is one and a half hours behind Tehran.
Official language: Istanbul Turkish
Currency: Turkish lira
City electricity type: 230 V/50 Hz
Country code: +90
Emergency numbers: 112
International airports: Atatürk International Airport, Sabiha Gokcen International Airport
Tips for booking a hotel in Istanbul
To choose a hotel in Istanbul, you should note that most of the hotels in this city are located in Beyoglu and Fatih districts, and the reason for this is the limited number of attractions and shopping centers there.
If you decide to get a hotel in Beyoglu (Taksim) area, near Esteghlal Street, Taksim Square, Galata Tower And you will be the dock of Kabatash. If you get a hotel in Fateh (Sultan Ahmad) area, you will be near Hagia Sophia Museum, Blue Mosque, Topkapi Palace, Ahmad Sultan Mosque, Basilica Cistern, Grand Bazaar and Aminuno Pier.
Although booking a hotel in the city center and being close to attractions and shopping centers can create ideal conditions for you, but keep in mind that the cost of staying in them is higher than a hotel far from the city center. .
Cost of food in Istanbul:
Don’t worry too much about the cost of food in Istanbul because the cost is almost the same as in Tehran. For this reason, if you are traveling alone and want to eat food in an expensive restaurant, you have to pay 20 liras. If you want to eat a meal for two in an average restaurant, the amount you have to pay is 80 liras. But for a sandwich, for example, McDonald’s, you have to spend 15 liras. The price of mineral water and coffee in this country is equivalent to 2 liras and 8 liras respectively.
Transportation in the city of Istanbul
The transportation system in Istanbul includes taxis, buses, trams, and ferries. Our suggestion is that if you plan to go sightseeing, use the metro and tram.
When traveling to Istanbul, use only official taxis
Important tips for taking a taxi in Istanbul:
– Only use official taxis
– If a car does not have a taximeter, do not get on it
– Find the taximeter
– Day and night rates are different
– Pay for the taxi in Lira
– Be sure to wear a seat belt
– Try to have change
– Use Google Maps so that you don’t have to pay more for the driver to get lost.
– Do not answer personal questions
– Bridge or highway tolls are yours!
(When your route from Bosphorus Bridge or pass the TEM highway, tolls must be paid. The driver will pay it, but the cost will be calculated on your amount).
Things to remember when traveling to Istanbul:
It is necessary that you carry small liras like 5, 10 and 20 liras with you for transportation and other tasks.
If you use the subway or train, you can buy “Istanbul card" (Istanbul card is exactly like Iran’s metro card, which you use both on the bus and the subway, and it costs less for you than paying in cash. Yes.) Save some money.
There are countless hotels in Istanbul. If you take a taxi, it is better to show the driver the map or the full address of the hotel and the phone number of your hotel.
To travel to Turkey, especially Istanbul, which is considered one of the commercial hubs, many people are looking for good shopping centers that have a good price and have individual sales because most of the stores in Istanbul only sell jeans. For better shopping, visit the Taksim area, because you won’t find a better place to shop in Istanbul’s colorful markets. In Istanbul and other cities of Turkey, the cost of clothes, bags and shoes is reasonable, but electrical appliances such as mobile phones are more expensive than in Iran. If you are planning to buy souvenirs for your loved ones, look for Turkish carpets and rugs, all kinds of handicrafts, pottery, copper and brass dishes, and fabrics, which are the most important souvenirs of Istanbul and have many fans among travelers.
Among the many shopping malls in this city, the Jewel Mall, Oliveum Mall, Forum Mall, Istinye Park Mall, Canyon Mall, Kapali Charshi Grand Bazaar, Esteghlal Street, Spice Bazaar, and Istanbul Grand Bazaar are some of the best and There are the most famous shopping centers in the city where you can get all the supplies you need.
Turkey has many shopping centers
Sightseeing places in Istanbul:
It is true that this city is famous for its dreamy beaches and wonderful shopping centers, but it is good to know that it also has historical and tourist attractions that make the trip to Istanbul more attractive for you and visiting these places is really enjoyable.
From these places of interest, you can go to Dokhtar Castle in the beautiful Bosphorus Strait, which is considered the most beloved building in Istanbul, Taksim Square, which is one of the most important tourist attractions of this city, the Blue Mosque, or Sultan Ahmed Mosque, which is one of the most beautiful mosques in the world. Topkapi Palace, which was the official royal residence of the Ottoman sultans and the seat of the Turkish government, the extremely beautiful Delmabahçe Palace, which is equal to the Palace of Versailles in terms of beauty, the Galata Tower, which is one of the oldest towers in the world, the Suleymaniye Mosque, which was ordered by the Ottoman King Sultan Suleiman I. Built, the Istanbul Archeology Museum, which is one of the richest museums in the world, the Kariye Church Museum, which dates back to the 6th century, and the Basilica Cistern, Rostam Pasha Mosque, Golhane Park, Istanbul Modern Museum, Hagia Sophia Mosque and Museum, he pointed out that it is really beautiful and They are spectacular.
Don’t forget that to see these attractions and other attractions of Istanbul, using Hop on Hop off is the best and most economical option. To choose the best trip, be sure to visit the tour list of Istanbul on Hamgardi website.
Important points about traveling to Turkey:
– Since Turkey is a Muslim country, you should wear appropriate clothing when visiting religious centers.
– When you sit in a taxi, pay attention to your pockets and bags.
– Never smoke in public places.
– In the tourist cities of Turkey such as Istanbul, Ankara and other cities, equipped public toilets are installed. Apart from that, in mosques and shopping malls, this possibility has been provided to use the toilet.
– There are ATM machines all over Turkey, so you don’t need to carry a lot of cash with you.
– Never speak loudly in public places.
– Try to install the Trafi application on your smart phone to know the departure times of the buses as well as their route in all the stations. Of course, this application is used for many cities, one of which is Istanbul, and it really works.
– Avoid trusting others.
Try not to be in the eye as much as possible. A backpack, a camera around the neck, smoked glasses and sandals are the hallmarks of a tourist, which will bring you nothing but the risk of theft and high prices.
– Avoid any fights.
– Be sure to have the number and address of the Iranian embassy and consulate and the necessary numbers of each country with you.
– Never talk about Turkey’s political issues during your trip.
– Try to prepare a map of each area before or upon arrival.
– It is also recommended to take some canned goods to use when you do not have access to a restaurant. Be sure to follow the necessary safety tips for using canned food, especially canned fish to boil for at least twenty minutes, so that, God forbid, there will be no problem during your trip.
– Be careful about the remains of historical monuments. It is usually forbidden to touch these works