Oman is a country in southwest Asia, located in the east of the Arabian Peninsula and east of Saudi Arabia. This country is strategically important due to its location in the south of the Strait of Hormuz. Islam is the official religion of this country and Shiites form the third religious group of this country and have a high influence in politics and economy.
Where is Oman?
The Sultanate of Oman (Arabic: Sultanate of Oman) is a kingdom in the east of the Arabian Peninsula. The capital of this country is the city of Muscat. Oman leads from the east to the Arabian Sea and from the north to the Oman Sea. This country borders Yemen from the south and Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates from the west. Oman also has a sea border with Iran.
This country has two outposts. A small part of Oman is located in the southern part of the Strait of Hormuz, which is called Musandam. This part is separated from the mainland. Another outpost is Madhaa, which is surrounded by the United Arab Emirates.
Oman has been a self-sufficient kingdom since the 17th century. In the 19th century, this country was at the peak of its power. With the decline of power in the 20th century, this country was influenced and influenced by the Kingdom of Great Britain, but it never officially became a part of it. Oman has extensive military and political ties with the United States of America and the Kingdom of Great Britain, but pursues a liberal foreign policy. The rulership of this country is an undisputed monarchy, but the parliament also has a small legislative and inspection role.
Geography of Oman:
Oman is bordered by the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia from the west, Yemen from the south, the Strait of Hormuz from the north, and the Arabian Sea from the east. With an area of 309,500 square kilometers, Oman is the third largest country in the Arabian Peninsula after Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Oman is located in the southeast of this peninsula and covers almost the eastern half of the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula. Oman’s coastlines are 1,700 km long.
A large desert sand plain covers most of central Oman. Two mountainous regions can be seen on both sides of this desert, one in the north called the Hajar mountain range and the other in the southeast bank of the country, which are the Dhofar mountains. Most of the main cities of the country are located in the foothills of these two mountains: Muscat (the capital), Sohar and Tire in the north, and Salalah in the south.
In the middle of Hajar Mountain is Jabal Akhdar, which is the highest point in Oman and the highest point in the east of the Arabian Peninsula with a height of 3075 meters. The heights of this mountain have different colors and are in the form of steps. This mountain is located in the middle of sand dunes, plains and big hills.
The climate of Oman is hot and dry in the interior areas and humid along the coasts. In ancient geological periods, the ocean covered the surface of Oman, and because of this, many fossils of sea shells and other aquatic animals are scattered in the deserts of this country.
Oman is one of the best places for rock climbing. Many of the rocks of Oman were formed at the bottom of the ancient Tethys Ocean, which was located between Iran and Oman.
Musandam Peninsula, which belongs to Oman, is located in the south of the strategic Strait of Hormuz, separately from the territory of this country. The United Arab Emirates separates Musandam from the rest of Oman. Strait of Hormuz is one of the most important straits in the world.
The country of Oman also has a foreign city called Madhaa city, which is located in the territory of the United Arab Emirates, so that the territory of the UAE surrounds this city from four directions. Its population is around 2,600 people. In addition, two villages named Shiss and Al-Jani, which are part of the Emirate of Sharjah of the United Arab Emirates, are located among the lands of this city.
Source of income of Oman:
Like other Arab countries of the Persian Gulf, the main source of the country’s income is oil. Although compared to its neighbors, this country is an average producer. Agriculture and fishing are two important sources of income in Oman. Another alternative source is tourism.
The best Omani dishes:
One of the charms of traveling is definitely experiencing the special foods of that country and region. The country of Oman also has many delicious foods that make the trip to Oman and Muscat more memorable and enjoyable.
Many of these dishes are common among neighboring Arab countries and some others are specific to Oman. If you are planning to travel to this Arab country, we suggest that you definitely try these foods during your trip.
Majbous, which is also known as Kabsa and Makbous, is one of the dishes of Oman and neighboring countries and has many fans. The main origin of this delicious dish, which is prepared from a combination of rice, meat, etc., is Saudi Arabia, however, you can try majboos in many Arab countries along the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea, such as Oman.
Showa barbecue Shuwa
One of the most popular dishes in Oman is a food called Showa or Qozi, which is mostly prepared for special occasions such as Eid al-Fitr. Showa is actually a type of lamb roast, which is very long and time-consuming to prepare. In Oman, this food is prepared for the first day of Eid and eaten on the second or third day of Eid.
Omani bread Omani Bread
In addition to Omani dishes, you can find different types of traditional and local bread in this country. One of the most famous breads in Oman is a thick, round and large bread. Another type that you may see next to Omani dishes is thin, crispy, and roasted, and is often eaten with food. Most Omani people prepare the bread they need at home.
Types of dates
It may be strange to you that we introduce dates to you as part of Omani cuisine. But you should know that dates play a very prominent and important role in the culture and cuisine of the people of Oman and Arab countries in general. The cultivation of dates in Oman is very large and in this country you can see many different types of dates.
Omani halva is one of the most famous desserts in this country and it is slightly different from our halva. This halwa is prepared from a combination of sugar, honey, rose water, eggs, and various spices and nuts, and is often served with coffee and dates. In fact, in Omani hospitality, coffee and halwa are always next to each other and are offered to guests as the ultimate respect and hospitality.
Coffee is also one of the most important drinks in Arab countries, as well as Oman. The texture, taste and brewing method of Arabic coffee is world famous and makes it different in taste from other coffees.
Kebab Meshak Meshkak
Another Omani dish is mashkak or kebab, which is very popular in this country. Omani kebab is prepared with different types of meat such as veal, lamb or chicken and is almost similar to our own kebab. Perhaps the difference is in the spices used to flavor the meat.
Harris | Harees
Harris is another Omani dish that is prepared for special occasions. Haris is almost similar to our Halim and is prepared from a combination of wheat and meat, which are cooked for a long time and at very low heat and combined with each other.
Shawarma is one of the most popular meat dishes throughout the Middle East, which is actually adapted from the Turkish doner kebab. This dish has many fans in Oman and is considered one of the tastiest dishes in Oman.
Mashavi | Mashuai
Lionfish is one of the most delicious fish in the south and the Persian Gulf, and one of Oman’s dishes is actually prepared with this fish. One of the most delicious and popular Omani dishes is a seafood dish called Mashwi.
The best tourist and nature tourism places in Oman:
What would it feel like to be somewhere in the world surrounded by adventurous mountains and drown in it? Isn’t it breathtaking? Well, we can give you the good news that Oman, with all its controversial mountains and rocks, offers you everything you want from a unique nature. Nature tourism in Oman, along with visiting its beaches and other historical and cultural attractions, will make you fall in love with this country.
Jabal Akhdar Jebel Akhdar
This area, which means green mountains, is one of the most eye-catching parts of the Hajar mountain range in the interior province of Oman. Although most of this area is rocky and covered with stones, its humidity is sufficient for the prosperity of agriculture, and this is what caused this name to be given to these mountains. These mountains are the settlement of an ethnic group in Oman called al-Riyami, who have stayed in this area by building rural houses and farming in the mountains. In 2011, these mountains were recognized as a protected area due to their special biodiversity.
Majlis al-Jan | Majlis Al-Jinn
Majlis al-Jan Cave, which means the gathering place of jinn, is located about 1,380 meters above sea level. This cave is the largest known cave on earth, the base of which covers an area approximately equal to 11 football fields. The only way to access the cave is through three holes on top of it, which were formed due to rainfall in the limestone cover of the cave. The Omanis who live in this area call it Majlis al-Jin because they believe that many jinn live in this cave.
The entrance to the cave was discovered in June 1983 by two Americans, and after that the cave was used as part of the karst research program called PAWR.
Wadi Shab |
Wadi Shab, which is located in the Eastern Province of Oman, is one of the most famous valleys that are popular for nature tourism in Oman. Local and international visitors enjoy the Wadi Waterfall and its cave, natural ponds and terraced fields. Wadi Shab rewards even those who don’t like hiking and trekking with turquoise pools, waterfalls and beautiful plants. While swimming is prohibited in the lower pools (they are a source of drinking water), there is an opportunity for permanent swimming upstream of the wadi, where you can swim in a hidden cave.
Wadi Bani Auf Wadi Bani Awf
Another famous valley for nature tourism in Oman is Wadi Bani Auf in the interior province. This valley starts from a big canyon and is famous for its limestone rocks and fields of lemons, dates and mangoes. This valley has flowing water throughout the year and when it rains, the drops from its rocky walls are very impressive. During a one-day trip, you can reach the stone arch (a gap in the rocks at 17 km of Wadi Bani Auf) and return.
Snake’s throat Snake Gorge
Snake Gorge is one of the nature trails in Oman that has special rocks, water pools and natural water slides. Here is a narrow path between two mountains. One of the most exciting things you can do here is diving from the short cliffs into the blue pools. Of course, this bottleneck is sometimes dangerous because it is a flood prone area; In 1996, several people drowned due to floods in this area.
Jabal Shams Jebel Shams
Jebel Shams or Mount Khurshid is another part of the Hajar mountain range in the interior of Oman. The highest mountain of the country is located in this area, which has two northern and southern peaks. From the top of Jebel Shams, you can have a beautiful view of Wadi Ghol, which is right next to it. Wadi Ghol, which is known as Grand Canyon in the local language, where there are vertical rocks that reach up to 1000 meters and more. This area is very beautiful and photography is one of the most interesting activities you can do.
Wadi Sehatan | Wadi Sahtan
This valley is very attractive for nature walkers and nature lovers as it is full of lovely villas, gardens and exciting trails and has something for everyone with every taste. Here is a village called Yasab, which has a very beautiful trail leading to it, which is one of the reasons why nature lovers fall in love with it. Usually, those who ride off-road use this route because it is not very interesting and it is a bit difficult for normal cars. The road leading to this village is quite steep, but the scenery around it is so attractive that you will not regret going there.
Nature tourism in Oman in this area can be accompanied by rock climbing on the walls of the mountains, but in general, most of the people who are attracted to this area are off-road riders who, in addition to seeing the attractive scenery, can climb the steep slopes of Sehatan Valley. .
Historical castles of Oman:
– Prominent historical castle
– Sohar historical castle
– Al Rostaq Castle
– Al-Hazm historical castle
– Jalali and Mirani castles
– Barca Castle
– Behla Castle
Hotels in Oman:
Oman has many good and luxury hotels, especially the desert hut hotels made of palm trees. In recent years, Oman has tried to attract tourists by creating 5-star hotels and hotels with reasonable prices in Muscat and other cities.
Souvenirs of Oman:
The national emblem of Oman is a sheathed dagger. These daggers are available in different types and prices in shops, at least every shop has a few models of them, and they are generally made in India or Pakistan, which are made to order from Oman. Omani silver is also a famous shoghat that is made of silver water and is small. Generally, Omani jewelry is engraved with Oman and it shows the authenticity of that product, otherwise, products without this name can also be found.
There are also products specific to Omani men, which are called kuma and are generally sold in various centers, especially Matrah Bazaar in Muscat. Omani halva or Muscati is one of the most famous products of Muscat, the capital of Oman, which has an international reputation.