The Great Wall of China is the largest wall in the world
The Great Wall of China was once one of the seven wonders of the world. This sleeping dragon has spent a long time in the heart of the mountain and its construction has lasted for years. It is interesting that despite the many sultans and emperors who have ruled this land, this huge wall has remained strong after suffering many ups and downs. In this article, we are going to tell you what has happened to this ancient monument over the years.
History and reason for building the Great Wall of China:
The construction of the Great Wall of China dates back to the fifth to eighth centuries BC. The government of China at the time to prevent the attack of the northern nationalities of Hyunk Ho (of race
Mongols and Huns), built fire towers to convey information or border forts to obtain enemy information in connection with the wall and on it. During the reign of the Spring and Autumn Dynasties and the Warring States, war broke out between the dukes and the countries started building walls using the border mountains. He also connected it as a big wall on the northern borders on the mountains. With this, he wanted to prevent enemy attacks on the northern pastures. Chinese historians believe that about one million soldiers were able to be deployed along the Great Wall at one time, ready for possible battles.
At this time, the length of the Great Wall of China reached 5000 km. In the Han Dynasty after the Chinese Dynasty, the length of the wall reached 10 thousand kilometers. In the history of two thousand and twenty years of China, the rulers of different eras built the Great Wall of China.
The Chinese wall is not a continuous linear wall
The appearance of the Chinese wall:
The Great Wall of China is the largest wall in the world and the largest ancient architecture. The Great Wall of China is the longest and largest defense and military engineering structure in the world in terms of construction time. This wall stretches 21,196 kilometers on the geographical map of China and was registered in the world heritage list in 1987.
The Great Wall of China, which is considered one of the seven wonders of the world, was originally built as a defensive wall and is considered the largest wall on earth. Of course, parts of this wall have been damaged.
The Great Wall of China is the embodiment of the wisdom and suffering of millions of Chinese in ancient China. This work has not been lost after thousands of years and has an immortal charm and is a symbol of the Chinese national spirit.
Currently, the length of the Great Wall of China is 6000 km. However, according to public belief, the initial length of the Great Wall of China was 50,000 km, and a significant amount of it has been lost and reached this amount over the centuries and with the changes and damages that have been inflicted on it.
Height of the Great Wall of China: The height of the Great Wall of China is 25 feet and its width varies between 15 and 30 feet.
The body of the Great Wall of China: the height of the tower and rampart of the Great Wall of China is 1.8 meters, and its shelters are about 1.2 meters high.
Side towers of the wall: every 500 meters there is a tower along the wall. These side towers were used as soldiers’ bunkers.
Forts of the Great Wall of China: These forts were built at the most vulnerable points of the wall, including Shanghai Pass Fort, Juyong Pass Fort, and Jiao Pass Fort. Along the wall there are many windows that the soldiers used to shoot. Also, the chambers of the castles, which are considered the most impregnable parts of the Great Wall of China.
The Great Wall of China was registered in the UNESCO cultural heritage list in December 1987
Rumors about the Great Wall of China:
Is the Great Wall of China visible from the moon?
In fact, this sentence was once a myth that the Great Wall of China can be seen even from the moon, however, some people still believe it, but none of the astronauts have confirmed such a thing, but some of them believe that until now The height of 180 miles from the surface of the earth is visible, and the average height of the Great Wall of China in Badling, which is the most famous, is 88.7 meters.
Imprisonment of the souls of the dead in the Great Wall of China:
The families of those who lost their lives in the construction of this project were afraid that the souls of their dead would be imprisoned in the wall forever, and to help release the souls of their dead, they took roosters in their hands and crossed the wall.
The most famous legend of the Great Wall of China is about a woman named Meng whose husband dies while building the wall. The woman goes to the side of the wall and cries so much that part of the wall falls and her husband’s bones are exposed and she buries them.
Aerial map of the Great Wall of China
Interesting facts about the Great Wall of China:
– The actual length of this wall is 21166.18 km.
– Most of the remains of the current meeting date back to the Ming Dynasty, which is 8851 km long.
– This wall is more than 2300 years old.
– The Ming Great Wall passes through 9 provinces: Liaoning, Hebei, Tianjin, Beijing, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia and Gansu.
– The Badling Wall, which is part of the Great Wall of China, has the highest number of visitors (in 2001, 63 million people visited it), and in the first week of May and October, the number of visitors to the Badling Wall reaches 70,000 people per day.
– Nearly 1/3 of the Great Wall of China has disappeared without a trace.
– Since 1644, when the Ming Dynasty was extinct, no action for military purposes has been carried out on this wall.
– The reconstruction of the Great Wall of China started in 1957 from Badling section.
– The Great Wall of China was registered in the UNESCO cultural heritage list in December 1987.
– The wall of China is not continuous as a linear wall and there is no wall in places where there are high mountains and rivers. During the Qin dynasty (206-221 AD), sticky rice flour was used to stick the bricks of this wall.
– The Great Wall of China was built by soldiers, villagers, criminals and prisoners of war.
– The first emperor of the Qin Dynasty did not build the Great Wall of China, he only connected the walls of the regions he conquered.
– In the Gobiko section of the Great Wall of China, a bullet hole has been created, which was next to this wall for the last war.
During the cultural revolution (1976-1966), many bricks of this wall were used to build houses, farms and warehouses.
– The northwestern part of the Great Wall of China (which is in the cities of Ningxia and Gansu) is likely to be destroyed in the next 20 years due to desertification and changing human behavior in land use.
– The image of the Great Wall of China that is usually seen in books and websites is the image of the Gianco section of the Great Wall of China, which is used in many images due to its steepness and twisting.
– 300 big politicians of the world have visited Badling, which is the most popular part of the Great Wall of China, the first of them was the politician of the Soviet Union, Clement, who visited this part of the wall in 1957.